JOHN 1:1-3 1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. 2 He was in the beginning with God. 3 All things were made through Him, and without Him not even one thing was made that has been made.
1. First a practical point that’s just a little deep Genesis 1:1, "In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth."
2. The word "word" was familiar to the Greeks who understood it to be the rational principle that governed the universe. The Jews understood the word to mean God.1 Therefore John was seeking to establish that the word which was God and was in the beginning is that governing principle.
John has intersected these 2 wonderful worlds here. Starts out just the way Genesis did and then with the use of the word “word” he ties it all together.
5 claims are being made above about the “Word” (John 1:1)?
A. The Word is someone who can be referred to as “Him” (John 1:3).
B. He was “with God” (John 1:1).
C. He “was God” (John 1:1). Shows plurality and eludes to the trinity
D. He existed “in the beginning” (John 1:1 & 2).
E. Everything was “made through Him” (John 1:3).
These five claims are internally consistent with the rest of the Bible:
Since John 1:1 talks about “in the beginning,” let's turn to the beginning of the Bible - in Genesis 1 - and read verses 3, 6, 9, 11, 14, 20, 24 and 26.
What are the second and third words in each of the eight verses above?
“God said,” so according to the Bible, God created everything not with a wand or a snap of His fingers but through “Word” (John 1:1), hence “E” above.
When does Genesis 1 say the creation through His Word took place?
“In the beginning” (Genesis 1:1), hence “D” above.
What is the fifth word in Genesis 1:26?
“Us,” which means that whomever God is referring to is: (1) also God; (2) with God; and (3) someone who can be referred to by a personal pronoun, hence “A,” “B,” “C” above. So A, B, C, D, E above are internally consistent in the Bible.
Here’s what I want to focus on in our closing of chapter 1
John 1: 1-5 11-13 17-18
1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. 2 He was with God in the beginning. 3 Through him all things were made; without him nothing was made that has been made. 4 In him was life, and that life was the light of all mankind. 5 The light shines in the darkness, and the darkness has not overcome[a] it.
11 He came to that which was his own, but his own did not receive him. 12 Yet to all who did receive him, to those who believed in his name, he gave the right to become children of God— 13 children born not of natural descent, nor of human decision or a husband’s will, but born of God.
17 For the law was given through Moses; grace and truth came through Jesus Christ. 18 No one has ever seen God, but the one and only Son, who is himself God and is in closest relationship with the Father, has made him known.
The first eighteen verses of the Gospel, called “the prologue” are written in an ancient pattern called a “chiasmus” (Key-az-moose). We think today in a more linear pattern. We start at the beginning and go to the end. But in those days, both ends of a passage worked back to the middle. For example here, verses 17-18 help explain what is meant by verses 1-5. Chiastic thought is like a set of steps going up to the middle and another going back down on the other side. Each step on the one stair corresponds to the same step on the other. In this type of thinking, what is stated in the middle is the most important.
So then, what verse is in the middle that we need to zero in on? It is this one verse 12 “But to those who did believe. He gave them the right to become the children of God.” This is the central theme of the Gospel of John. In fact John says so at the end of the Gospel itself: “These things have been written so that you might believe that Jesus is the Christ, and that by believing you might have eternal life.”
Let’s not forget what is most important in our Christian walk. The Gospel and the sharing of that gospel!